Video instructions and help with filling out and completing Are 8850 Form Governing

Instructions and Help about Are 8850 Form Governing

Health care education the environment international aid crime issues affecting all our lives are shaped and driven by Parliament but how did it all begin what does Parliament do all day and how do you fit in Parliament has evolved throughout its long history to become what it is today changing overtime to meet the needs of the people two key historical events began this process in 1215 King John put his seal on Magna Carta and agreed to a list of 63 rules set out by a group of barons this ensured for the first time that no one not even the king was above the law fifty years later Simon de Montfort the first time invited representatives of the Townsend chosed his 1265 Parliament these events established the foundations for the representative democracy we have today and from this point onwards the power to make decisions for the nation passed over time from the monarch to Parliament let's take a closer look at the UK Parliament today Parliament is made up of three parts the House of Commons the House of Lords and the monarch the House of Commons is the elected chamber of parliament it debates big issues proposes laws amends existing ones and challenges the government's work there are 650 members of parliament or MPs who each represent a constituency in the UK they belong to either a political party or are independent and they're elected by constituents the area they want to represent the leader of the party that has the most MPs elected after a general election becomes the Prime Minister and heads up the government they choose a cabinet made up of 20 senior ministers who coordinate each government departments work the party's not in power are called the opposition MPs from the opposition and government question the government's on policy and proposed laws the speaker keeps the house in order by chairing these debates the House of Lords is the second chamber and shares the making and shaping of laws with the House of Commons it has around 800 members and it's made up mostly of live peers and also includes hereditary peers and bishops Lords are selected for their knowledge and experience and hold government to account by using their expertise to look at laws and issues in detail the Monarchs role is mainly ceremonial they meet the prime minister once a week to hear what's going on in Parliament and formally agree every new law but that's not all there are also people working behind the scenes who support the work of Parliament Clark's librarians researchers and many more you the government's has been elected to run the country and Parliament holds a government to account for us the public but how Prime Minister's Questions and ministerial questions among bees and Lords the opportunity to challenge the government's policies it's in these debates that they can share the views of their constituents and the public and how new policies may affect them another important way Parliament can scrutinize or look in detail at the work of government is through select committees select committees analyzed and scrutinized policy they're made up of either MPs Lords or a mixture of both together committee members look at a particular subject and make recommendations on improvements witnesses with expertise in the area under scrutiny are called to give evidence which is used to help shape the committee's inquiry members of the public like you with a view on the subject can also give evidence for consideration at the end of an inquiry the committee writes a report with recommendations that the government usually responds to within 60 days both houses in parliament share responsibility for making and shaping laws but where the laws come from in the first place a bill is a proposal for a new law or to change an existing law and comes from lots of places like governing and opposition parties public inquiries civil servants or campaign groups so how does an idea get turned into a law imagine the government wanted to place greater controls over the Internet a proposal called a green paper is published which presents the government's ideas for future policy this is open for public discussion with interested groups like Internet service providers and others likely to be affected once findings are gathered a white paper is published which outlines a firmer plan for government policy cabinet ministers must agree whether the proposal is taken forward once agreed a bill is drawn up and the minister responsible for the policy introduces the bill to Parliament for debate MPs and members of the House of Lords comment on debate or amend the bill through several stages and at the end of the process apart from very rare circumstances it must be agreed by both houses it's then passed to the monarch who gives formal approval or royal assent and the bill becomes law called an act of Parliament in the UK we live in a democracy which means power is in the hands of the people through our right to vote throughout history lots of people in the UK have campaigned for the voting rights we have today there are lots of different types of elections to vote in general local European let's take a closer look at how MPs are elected to the House of Commons through the general election general elections take place in the UK usually once every five years and every seat is up for grabs on polling day voters make a choice from a list of candidates the candidate with the most votes then becomes that constituency's MP okay but how would I know who to vote for before elections candidates need to campaign to get people to vote for them campaigning can involve handing out political leaflets speaking in public debates talking to people during door-to-door visits and party political broadcasts party standing for election publish a declaration of