Can 8850 Form Urban
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Can 8850 Form Urban 2016-2019

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And when we think about global warming on the rise and the auto industry in decline its time the time is right to consider a whole different approach to personal transportation that's both environmentally responsible and economically feasible our next speaker Ryan Chen Hao hails from MIT and his fellow PhD students at the smart cities group are working on I've got to get this right a foldable stackable shareable electric city vehicle it rethinks urban mobility please join me in welcoming Ryan Qin thank you today's automobile weighs over 20 times that the driver and often if you look at a comfortable chair today the one that you're sitting in it takes about 10 square feet but an automobile takes over 200 square feet cars gasoline-powered cars typically rest most of the time 80 percent of the time it's being parked taking a valuable urban real estate cars are designed to go over 100 miles per hour even though in cities we drive 25 to 35 because of that we have a real disjoint between what exists and what we don't have and what's interesting also is that 99% of the cars that we use today are petroleum-based used petroleum-based fuels and of course that supply chain is problematic and of course if you think about all the negative externalities of automobile use including congestion and carbon emissions based in our cities we have a real problem now this is not to say or demonize the auto industry in fact the auto industry is a key enabler of our global economy goods and services depend on transportation to really get us around however we think it's a really good time to radically rethink the automobile particularly in cities themselves our group called smart cities at the MIT Media Lab very interested in rethinking the automobile and also to imagine the city that we want to live in one that's vibrant economically a stable diverse sustainable smart and then design an automobile for that place that was really our goal in designing this this this automobile so why is this interesting in terms of cities well we all live in cities generally in fact the UN had reported in 2007 that we've reached the threshold of 50 percent of the world's population lives in cities now and so this is really different than what it was a hundred years ago more and more people are living in cities over in the next three decades this trend will continue to to move up so our energy future our transportation future really depends on what we do in cities themselves some interesting statistics to think about in terms of cities over 150 years ago there was only one city that had over 10 million people that was New York City now there's over 20 and most of these are in Asia and in Africa those are the key development areas in terms of energy use transportation and building operations take up over 60% of the amount of energy that we use in cities most of the wealth will be in cities most of the growth will be in cities for the foreseeable future and the most interesting statistic and eye-popping and probably you and all you and I have all sort of witness this or even taken part in this is driving here and looking for a parking space this statistic is around 40% of total gasoline used by cars looking for a parking space just circling around the block this is in Manhattan during congested hours that number may fluctuate up or down 10% but the important thing is that we are wasting and that is a factor of not enough land but also not enough information about where to park so to get to give you a better sense of how this affects other places the world this is a picture of Taipei and if you have been to Taipei you'll notice that there are tons and tons and tons of scooters everywhere two-stroke and four-stroke engine types no Lane Division of course and 11% of the total pollution is created by scooters and this is not just in transportation this is the entire economy of Taiwan you can't imagine that perhaps we give everyone here an automobile and have one driver in it which is actually what we do here in sort of the in the United States the other big challenge of course is how do you find your scooter in the sea of vehicles so there's also a particular problem in cities themselves as you know London has a congestion pricing zone that and that's a mitigation in order to reduce the number of private automobiles and cities that's the number one problem that we have in cities is they're too many private automobiles with one driver in it the other issue is that public transportation may be a good solution but it doesn't solve every problem I may be carrying something it may be snowing out the inflexible schedule prevents me from taking public transportation the transit station may be far away from my home what is the big problem in 12 public transportation is what we call or what transportation planners call the first model last model problem which is how do I get from my final destination or my beginning destination to public transit the public transit station may be far away from where I really want to go so what has it happened in the last decade or so is the emergence of vehicle sharing car sharing particularly here in Cambridge and in Boston visit car is a good example of the emergence of car sharing and there are tremendous benefits for reducing the amount of congestion but also the number of cars on the road also what's happened is bicycle sharing is also popped up in fact there will be a number of programs coming into the state in the next

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