Who 8850 Form Urban
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Who 8850 Form Urban 2016-2019

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Music I just love these maps I showed these to you at the end last time this is an English map showing Georgia it goes oh goes all the way to Mississippi they had no idea what was out there in fact this is this is the Chattahoochee and we know now the Chattahoochee cuts through Atlanta at an angle like this this is the Spanish map which shows you know Florida is real big the Caribbean is big the Spanish colonial parts are big and then Lake Erie is well there's a lake in here called like grand which is doesn't exist anywhere that I'm aware of and and in Lake Erie is somewhere just above Highlands North Carolina it looks like you know or Chattanooga they've collapsed the distance which tells you something about this area which will be the subject of part of the lecture today okay so Georgia is the last of these English colonies and in its initial projection it was a very it was very different from the others first it was the crown was more interested in this colony than in the others because of the Spanish presence in Florida and what they wanted was a military outpost that could defend the economically important port of Charleston and these plantations that are on these long navigable rivers going up through the Carolinas so they there was a military presence in in Georgia that was not it was more or less absent in Tidewater other parts of the Tidewater south now because it was the last there had been a lot of competition among a variety of people to create this colony here and one of the proposals was from a guy named Sir Robert Montgomery a nobleman who wanted to create in 1717 he a treatise called the Margrave eight of Azealia hoping that he could get hoping that he could get crown support this rather fanciful an absurd diagram of his this is not the city of Savannah this is the entire colony of Georgia all right which was to be organized this way as a kind of feudal barony was so Roberts castle right in the middle of it and then this the sort of affinity here to Penn's plan for Philadelphia is obvious this is each one of these is the square mile fortunately for us this never went anywhere I can't imagine teaching for 37 years at Zelia Tech but that was an example of one of many now what they thought if you go back to the original sort of propaganda piece that I showed you about Virginia they said we can grow oranges and lemons and plums and all these things and and we can have silk and so forth well a group of investors known as the trustees the trustees of the corporation of Georgia flattered the King by naming it after him was in fact that you know based on this notion they could do this that they could grow silk here now none of them there were 21 of them none of them had ever set foot in the new world none of them right but they were convinced absolutely convinced that they could grow silk here why because latitude which was fairly easy to develop based on the Asmus of the Sun longitude was the difficult part right it we we Georgia was roughly in the same latitude as the silk growing region of China therefore we should be able to grow silk based on this ABB's tract preposterous notion they actually in reports of mulberry trees growing here in great abundance they invested huge sums of money and establishing this colony they hired a man named James Edward Oglethorpe - who was a former general and traveled in these in the same intellectual circles in the West End of London that people like William Penn did and they hired him actually as military engineer to establish this colony they also had I would say that the historian Daniel Boorstin has called it in his book the Americans the colonial experience calls the chapter titles the chapter on Georgia victims of philanthropy and I think that's a great sort of ironic concept that the people who came here were victims of these trustees philanthropy there was very high-minded there was to be no alcohol there was to be couldn't drink couldn't drink spirits you all the land was to be collectively owned you got a based on this lease system that I described at Bedford Square the trustees would retain ownership of the ground of the land and then they would give you as a colonist a 60 by 90 foot lot that we see here where you could actually have your house and in return a well and then we would give you five acres of common land that you would then use to grazier cow or grow your vegetables and then there was 45 acres that would be given that in return that were to be put in the silk production they hired a man named Nikola a Matisse a Frenchman who claimed to know how to make silk they turned out he didn't and within it took 8 years and in the first eight years they produced enough silk to make one dress which they sent back to England to give to the Queen in the 10th year they had invested 10 times more than they could ever possibly have imagined that they could have made in return and so they abandoned the colony completely now that is significant and it is significant because it means that the thing that created it was in fact taken away and it was simply on its own to develop anyway it naturally would develop I should also mention that slavery was prohibited that you could not will property at the at your death the land reverted back to the trustees who had

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